The government of Japan is keen on ensuring good quality education in the country. The education system has since changed over the years as they strive to offer the best education that produces graduates who can be absorbed into the competitive job market of the worldwide.
History of Higher Learning in Japan
College entry in Japan is based on the students’ scores. In 1991, private institutions accounted for close to 80% of university enrolments. The modern Japanese education system was adopted from the Western education system. Reforms were introduced to higher learning in Japan during the 19th and the 20th century. The country introduced knowledge of industrialization to its higher education curriculum. Books and transcripts from the west were translated into Japanese, and they hired many foreign professors.
Students who are applying to public universities in Japan take two entry examinations; a nationally administered test and an examination conducted by the Institution the student would like to join. Joining the university is very competitive, and many students do not get a chance to go to the colleges of their preferences. Unsuccessful students are forced to seek admission elsewhere or retake the examinations. Most students opt to retake exams, and this is a frustrating process that takes another entire year.
Consequently, private schools that help students to prepare for the examination have cropped up. An example is Yobikou that sponsors part time and full-time programs that offer counseling sessions and examination analysis. This is an expensive program, hence a challenge to the students. website samedayessay.com
In 1990, a new test was introduced by the Ministry of Education in an attempt to increase the number of students who enroll in universities. Another college issue in Japan is the lack of proper guidance at the upper secondary level for college placement.
Equality in Higher Learning
Japan has made remarkable attempts towards achieving equality in higher education. In the year 2005, it was reported that out of every 100 males enrolling for higher education, 89 females are enrolled, and the numbers continue to rise. However, most of the women enroll for humanities and social sciences with only a few of them enrolling for technical and scientific subjects.
There are several higher learning institutions in Japan as discussed below.
These provide women in Japan with quality education and a career opportunity and focus mostly on the following subjects:
- Social sciences
- Technical colleges
Most of the technical colleges focus on training technicians. Sixty-two technical colleges have been established in Japan since 1960. Most of the technical college students transfer to university once they get to their third year of training.
There are also private miscellaneous schools that do not require graduation from upper secondary school to attend in Japan. They offer a variety subjects that include:
The Ministry of Education of Japan has a responsibility of supporting education in the country. The ministry is responsible for the establishment of research institutes and universities and ensuring that they are operating effectively. There are also several research institutes that are affiliated to the universities in Japan that continuously come up with ideas for improving the education system in the country.